Keeping the background to dairy in mind one needs to know, that in the 60s PIA introduced the shaver breed of poultry (PIA Shaver) in Pakistan. Likewise, Nestle Pakistan Ltd. in 2006 introduced dairy to the farmers by importing 2200 cows from Australia and milk processing was their focal point. The dairy became popular and was seen to be a significant achievement of the Pakistan’s dairy sector, both public and private. Despite Nestle’s important input to the milk processing aspect of the dairy sector, the system of construction that they introduced was very much similar or a clear depiction of the European dairy construction.
One might easily notice, that in Europe out of the 365 days a year, approximately 300 days the weather remains cold (cloudy, rainy, snowy, etc). Whereas, Pakistan’s weather (at the canal irrigated areas being ideal for cattle farming) out of the same number of days approximately 320 days remains warm (dry, humid, sunny, etc). Even in the winters the temperature does not drop below 0 degree. If we take the European housing system into account, one might notice that because of the weather normally the houses are build with majorly covered area and a small open area. Unlike this, the Pakistani housing system may normally consist of the same amount of covered area but a larger area remains uncovered or is open.
Keeping the same in mind, to cope with the European weather the cattle has to be maintained in a majorly covered shed system being constructed consisting of a smaller open area. Whereas, the suitable system for coping with the weather in Pakistan the same amount of covered area might be used but a huge amount of open area would then be advisable. This shows that the European system is not an ideal or feasible system of construction for Pakistan. Despite such a difference, a similar or identical system of construction is being adopted all over Pakistan.
The Pakistani weather is of utmost consideration in the maintenance of dairy at Sabzazar Farm. Hence, the construction consists of 8100 sq ft of covered area and 23,400 sq ft of open area within the boundary walls for almost 80 cows. This means that 100 sq ft covered and 300 sq ft open area is available for an individual cow on the farm. The covered area consists of a paved showering area over a total of 1980 sq ft (90 * 22 = 1980 sq ft), height of the same is 15 feet from the centre and 13 feet on each side. The remaining is unpaved both internal and external to the covered area within the boundary walls. The cost of this complete unit entailing all the necessities which include drinking water, showers, fans, feeding place, etc in year 2010 was Rs 1.4 million approximately: i.e. approximately Rs. 17,500 per cow.