June 2008 – June 2013
Purchased = 99, Sold = 170, Expired = 57, No. of Animals at farm = 243 (June 2013).
The animals sold, mainly comprise of male calves, bulls, or non-productive and old cows.
|Heifers (15 to 24 months of age, mostly pregnant)||
|Heifers (8 to 12 months of age)||
|Female calves (below 8 months of age)||
|Male calves (below 9 months of age)||
|Male calves (1 to 2 years of age)||
|Bull (Age 4 years)||
|Total number of animals||
Expenses of lactating cow per day (%) June 2012 – June 2013
Wanda (Concentrate) = 56.29%
Green forage = 20.59%
Miscellaneous (labour, insemination, doctor, medicine, electricity, diesel, mortality) = 23.11%
Total expense per lactating cow per day (Herd average of 365 days) = Rs. 436.80
Cost of 1kg milk = Rs. 28.19
Cost of 1 kg milk from the average herd including dry cows, heifers and calves = Rs. 42.51
Expenses of 0 to 1 year old heifer per day (%)
Wanda (Concentrate) = 20.30%
Forage = 45.75%
Milk = 18.78%
Miscellaneous (labour, doctor, medicine, electricity, diesel, mortality, etc.) = 15%
Total expense per day = Rs. 164.14
Expenses of 1 to 2 year old heifer per day (%)
Wanda (Concentrate) = 0%
Forage = 76.25%
Milk = 0%
Miscellaneous (Labour, doctor, medicine, electricity, diesel, mortality, etc.) = 23.72%
Total expense per day = Rs. 118
a) Insemination expenses are added to the lactating cows’ expenses.
b) The price of a new born calf is nil.
c) The above expenditure does not include the rent or depreciation of the sheds.
d) The salary of the owner is also not included in the expenditure.
e) The cost of production of milk/kg at the farm is Rs. 28.19/kg.
f) 7300 kg of milk is used for domestic purposes per year.
g) The calves (90) consume approximately 40500 kg of milk in a year.
h) The remaining milk was sold to Nestle’ Pakistan during June 2012 to June 2013.
i) The total number of lactating animals by June 2012 was 75 cows. And by June 2013 it increases to 105 cows.
j) By the end of 2013, and over a period of 5 years commencing from June 2008, the investment made on the animals was recovered which made them free of any liabilities. And any remaining liability is in the form of 40 acres of corn crop and machinery. Accordingly the gain and margin of profit every year is approximately 40 to 45%.